E Learning Theories

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Three of the more popular learning theories—behaviorism, cognitivism, and social constructivism—will be highlighted to form the foundation for further discussion. Mention will also be made of several other learning theories that are relevant to online education.

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An understanding of educational theories can assist us in the design and implementation of an effective online learning environment. Three prevalent theories are described below (O’Neil et al., pp. 17-20): Behaviorism – Behavior theorist focus on observable behaviors, thus discounting independent activities of the mind.

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Learning theories such as connectivism are about making connections which the internet excels at. Assessment-Centred For learning environments to be effective, they must be assessment centred. Online learning can provide many forms of assessment by both the instructor and peers.

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Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins
1. Multimedia principle (also called the Multimedia Effect) Using any two out of the combination of audio, visuals, and text promote deeper learning than using just one or all three.
2. Modality principle. Learning is more effective when visuals are accompanied by audio narration versus onscreen text. There are exceptions for when the learner is familiar with the content, is not a native speaker of the narration language, or when printed words are the only things presented on screen.
3. Coherence principle. The less that learners know about the presentation content, the more they will be distracted by unrelated content. Irrelevant video, music, graphics, etc.
4. Contiguity principle. Learning is more effective when relevant information is presented closely together. Relevant text should be placed close to graphics, and feedback and responses should come closely to any answers that the learner gives.
5. Segmenting principle. More effective learning happens when learning is segmented into smaller chunks. Breaking down long lessons and passages into shorter ones helps promote deeper learning.
6. Signaling principle. Using arrows or circles, highlighting, and pausing in speech are all effective methods of signaling important aspects of the lesson.
7. Learner control principle. For most learners, being able to control the rate at which they learn helps them learn more effectively. Having just play and pause buttons can help more than having an array of controls (back, forward, play, pause).
8. Personalization principle. A tone that is more informal and conversational, conveying more of a social presence, helps promote deeper learning. Beginning learners may benefit from a more polite tone of voice, while learners with prior knowledge may benefit from a more direct tone of voice.
9. Pre-training principle. Introducing key content concepts and vocabulary before the lesson can aid deeper learning. This principle seems to apply more to low prior knowledge learners versus high prior knowledge learners.
10. Redundancy principle. Having graphics explained by both audio narration and on-screen text creates redundancy. The most effective method is to use either audio narration or on-screen text to accompany visuals.

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Estimated Reading Time: 5 mins
1. Multimedia principle (also called the Multimedia Effect) Using any two out of the combination of audio, visuals, and text promote deeper learning than using just one or all three.
2. Modality principle. Learning is more effective when visuals are accompanied by audio narration versus onscreen text. There are exceptions for when the learner is familiar with the content, is not a native speaker of the narration language, or when printed words are the only things presented on screen.
3. Coherence principle. The less that learners know about the presentation content, the more they will be distracted by unrelated content. Irrelevant video, music, graphics, etc.
4. Contiguity principle. Learning is more effective when relevant information is presented closely together. Relevant text should be placed close to graphics, and feedback and responses should come closely to any answers that the learner gives.
5. Segmenting principle. More effective learning happens when learning is segmented into smaller chunks. Breaking down long lessons and passages into shorter ones helps promote deeper learning.
6. Signaling principle. Using arrows or circles, highlighting, and pausing in speech are all effective methods of signaling important aspects of the lesson.
7. Learner control principle. For most learners, being able to control the rate at which they learn helps them learn more effectively. Having just play and pause buttons can help more than having an array of controls (back, forward, play, pause).
8. Personalization principle. A tone that is more informal and conversational, conveying more of a social presence, helps promote deeper learning. Beginning learners may benefit from a more polite tone of voice, while learners with prior knowledge may benefit from a more direct tone of voice.
9. Pre-training principle. Introducing key content concepts and vocabulary before the lesson can aid deeper learning. This principle seems to apply more to low prior knowledge learners versus high prior knowledge learners.
10. Redundancy principle. Having graphics explained by both audio narration and on-screen text creates redundancy. The most effective method is to use either audio narration or on-screen text to accompany visuals.

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Let’s have a look at all the learning theories that were and are still used by eLearning professionals in their eLearning courses: 1. The Behaviorist Learning Theory The behaviorist learning theory is perhaps the oldest of learning theories, used by many educators of the past to teach and instruct learners.

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Online developers and facilitators require foundational knowledge of online learning theories in order to optimize the online learning experience. Students explore theories, learning strategies, activities, adult learning styles and principles of online design. SUMMER 2022 Online Learning

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An e -Learning Theoretical Framework. Educational Technology & Society, 19 (1), 292– 307. 292 ISSN 1436 4522 (online) and 1176 3647 (print). This article of the Journal of Educational Technology &

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As there is no single learning theory to follow, we can use a combination of theo- ries to develop online learning materials. In addition, as research pro- gresses, new theories that should be used are emerging and evolving. A recent example is connectivist theory, which is needed for the emerging age of distributed and network learning.

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We see the need for, and the emergence of, new theories and models of and for the online learning environment, addressing learning in its ICT …

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Many online learning theories subscribe to the theory of constructivism where students construct knowledge based on previous experience and learning (Koohang & Paliszkiewicz, 2013). It is an active dynamic process where knowledge is constructed through activities of sharing, generating, combining, creating, and internalizing (Koohang & Paliskiewicz, 2013). It …

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E-learning theory is about designing educational technology use to promote effective learning by reducing extraneous cognitive load and managing germane and intrinsic loads at students’ appropriate levels.

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The three most popular theories of learning are behaviourism, cognitivism and constructivism. Behaviourism sees learning as taking place in response to an external stimulus. It does not consider the thought process as having any consequence in learning.

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As there is no single learning theory to follow, we can use a combination of theories to develop online learning materials. In addition, as research progresses, new theories that should be used are emerging and evolving. A recent example is connectivist theory, which is needed for the emerging age of distributed and network learning. Some may question the need for a new …

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The theories and models presented here address: Living technologies (Bruce) Co–evolution of technology and learning practices (Andrews) Technology and social tie formation (Haythornthwaite) Community–embedded learning (Kazmer) Learner–leaders (Montague) Braided learning (Preston)

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Saint&Paul&University&& & Reposted(with(permission(by(theauthor(! TOWARDS(ATHEORY(OFONLINE((LEARNING(& TerryAnderson& AthabascaUniversity& & Itis&the&theory

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E-Learning Theories I have been asked to present a short session online by the PDA course mentors on E-Learning Theories. This is a consideration for the student’s participating in the PDA E-learning when they commence the Design and Build unit. The students have been formed into small groups from different sectors and are encouraged to…

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Frequently Asked Questions

What is e learning theory??

E-learning theory is about designing educational technology use to promote effective learning by reducing extraneous cognitive load and managing germane and intrinsic loads at students’ appropriate levels.

Is there a single learning theory for online education??

Just as no single learning theory has emerged for instruction in general, the same is true for online education. A number of theories have evolved, most of which derive from the major learning theories discussed previously. In this section, several theories will be examined in terms of their appropriateness for the online environment.

What is evolution in e learning??

evolution concept indicates a tendency from the individual learning to a global learning. Nowa da ys, e - learning can also mean massive distribution of content a nd glo bal classes for all the Internet users. E- learning studies focus on several areas.

What is the revised version of the theory and practice of online learning??

The revised version of the Theory and Practice of Online Learningedited , by Terry Anderson, brings together recent developments in both the practice and our understanding of online learning. Five years have since passed between this new edition and the first version.

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